Metaproteomics approaches and techniques: A review

Ayesha Ameen, Shahid Raza


Extensive studies have been done on metagenomics for various microbial communities. The advancements in metagenomics level led to the need of metaproteomics approaches. Metaproteomics involve the identification, function and expression of various proteins present in microbial community, it also involves the identification and expression analysis of stress related proteins. The concepts of metaproteomics come with advancement in proteomics techniques which includes 2D gel electrophoresis for the identification of proteins and peptides in a particular microbial community. Mass spectrometry which is used to separate the proteins by desorption and ionization using a gas on a liquid medium. MALDI use for protein identification and separation, connected with TOF to give better results. The metaproteomics approaches become more advanced when HPLC and LC were used for peptides and protein with computational tools to sequence the peptide and protein. It is concluded that there is a requirement of research in metaproteomics. Many scientists have done research on these approaches but there is lack of better quality and desirable results.


Metagenomics, Metaproteomics, MALDI

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