A cross sectional study for evaluation of intraoperative and postoperative posterior segment complications of cataract surgery

Pooja Sharma, Ashok Kumar Bairwa, Atula Yadav, Dhan Singh Meena

Abstract


Introduction: There is always some risk of complications during or immediately after cataract surgery so regular collection of data helps to identify high-risk patients and to confirm that they are being managed appropriately. Monitoring of cataract surgical outcomes is associated with a reduction in the incidence of surgical complications.

Materials and methods: After obtaining ethics committee clearance, this cross-sectional, observational study was conducted in 500 patients having visually significant cataract those underwent planned extracapsular cataract extraction by phacoemulsification with PCIOL implantation method to evaluate the posterior segment complications of cataract surgery between October 2015 and September 2016.

Results and discussion: Complications evaluated were cystoid macular edema, nucleus drop, expulsive and delayed suprachoroidal hemorrhage, infectious post-operative endophthalmitis, retinal detachment following cataract extraction and any other complication which involving posterior segment of eye. Out of 500 patients, 6 had postoperative complications in the form of CME (1.2%). No incidence of any other posterior segment complications occurred in present study.

Conclusion: Cataract surgery is a safe procedure with a high patient satisfaction rate. The occurrence of pseudophakic cystoid macular edema after cataract surgery is a well known complication. As in our study CME incidence was 1.2%.


Keywords


Cataract, Phacoemulsification, Cystoid Macular Edema.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7439/ijbr.v8i5.4138

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