Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection/infestation in differently abled people of Dharan, Nepal.

Nimesh Poudyal, Lok Bahadur Shrestha, Sanjay Gautam, Deepak Yadav, Ratna Baral, Rajendra Gurung

Abstract


Introduction: Intestinal parasitic infestations are one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality, infecting millions of people world-wide. Due to the various disability, differently-abled people are unable to maintain proper sanitation, making them more prone to intestinal parasitic infection.

Objective: The objective of this study is to know the various parasitic infections in differently abled persons of Dharan municipality.

Materials and Methods: Stool specimen were collected from individuals attending health camp for differently-able in Dharan municipality and direct wet mount was prepared using normal saline (0.9%) and Lugol's iodine (0.5%). The wet mount was observed under microscope for parasites.

Results: Among 112 individuals screened, intestinal parasitosis was seen in 32.1% of people. Giardia lamblia (17%) was the most common parasite followed by Entamoeba histolytica (9%) and Ascaris lumbricoides (7.3%). Co-infection was a common trend with 33.3% of positive samples being co-infected with multiple parasites.

Conclusion: The study shows that although the differently-abled people are prone to parasitic infection, the prevalence is same as normal people. Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica and Ascaris lumbricoides are the common parasites they harbour.



Keywords


intestinal parasitosis, differently-abled, co-infection

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7439/ijbr.v8i9.4400

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