Phytochemical screening (qualitative) of certain medicinal plants of Saharanpur city

Anuj Kumar Sharma, S.K. Upadhyaya, Sanjay Chauhan, Hemant Kumar Sharma, Shrikant Sharma


Saharanpur city is situated close to the borders of Haryana and Uttarakhand states, the city is surrounded by a fertile agricultural region. Medicinal plants are the major source of raw materials and good resources for pharmaceutical industry. These are the good source of primary and secondary metabolites. In present study phytochemical screening of three medicinal plants of Saharanpur city i.e.  Achyranthus  aspera, Euphorbia hirta,   Parthenium  hysterophorus  were carried out by using standard methods for conducting Qualitative phytochemical analysis and  studying the presence of active compounds like Alkaloids, Tannins, Saponins, Glycosides, Phenols, Flavonoids, Anthroquinone, Terpenoids and Steroids. Achyranthus aspera showed maximum of these phytocompounds in ethanolic extract. Ethanolic extracts of all plant species revealed the presence of most of the phytochemicals


Primary metabolites, Ethanolic extracts, Qualitative phytochemical analysis

Full Text:



Chopra RN, Chopra IC, Handa KL, Kapur LD. Calcutta, India: Academic Publishers; 1994. Indigenous drugs of India.

Mojab F., Kamalinejad M., Naysanch Ghaderi, Hamid Roza vahidipour. Phytochemical screening of some species of Iranian plants. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceut ical Research. 2003; 2(2): 7782.

Trease, G.E. and W.C. Evans, A text book of pharmacognosy. 14th Edn. Bailliere Tindall Ltd. London 1996.

Harborne JB., Phytochemical Methods: A Guide t o Modern Techniques of Plant Analysis. (3rd edn). Chapman and Hall Co., New York, pp.1-302 (1998).

Sharanabasappa G. K., Santosh M. K., Shaila D., Seet haram Y. N. and Sanjeevarao I. Phytochemical Studies on Bauhinia racemosa Lam. Bauhinia purpurea Linn. and Hardwickia binata Roxb. E Journal of Chemistry 2007; 4(1): 21-31.

Nadkarni K.M. “Indian Materia Medica”, 3rd edition reprinted, Bombay Popular Prakashan, 2009, Vol.1, p. 21.

Bhatnagar L. S, Singh V. K, Pandey G. Medico-botanical studies on the flora of Ghaigaon forests, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. J Res Indian Med. 1973; 8; 67-100.

Raj K. P. S, Patel M. R. Some medicinal plants of Cambay and its immediate vicinity and their uses in Indian indigenous system of medicine. Indian Drugs 1978; 15; 145-152.

Khanna K. K, Mudgal V, Shukla G, Srivastava P. K. Unreported ethno medicinal uses of plants as aphrodisiac from the folklores of Uttar Pradesh plains, India. Bull Bot Surv India. 1994; 36; 91-94.

Williamson EM. China: Churchill Livingstone; 2002. Major Herbs of Ayurveda.

Surib-Fakim A, Swerab MD, Gueho J, Dullo E. Medicinal plants of Rodrigues. Int J Pharmacogn. 1996; 34:2–14. doi: 10.1076/phbi.

Maishi AI, Ali PKS, Chaghtai SA, Khan G. A proving of Parthenium hysterophorus, L. Brit Homoeopath J. 1998; 87:17–21. doi: 10.1016/S0007-0785(98)80005-7.

Singh, U. Wadhwani, A.M. and Johri, B.M. (1996). Dictionary of Economic Plants in India. Pbl. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, p. 165. Uphof, J.C. (1959). Dictionary of economic plants. p. 267 (Englemann Weinheim).

Sharma, G.L. and Bhutani, K.K. (1988). Plant based antiamoebic drugs. Part II. Amoebicidal activity of Parthenin isolated from Parthenium hysterophorus. Planta Medica. 54: 20-22.

Morton, J.F. (1981). The puzzling whitetop. Parthenium hysterophorus-noxious weed, health hazard, folk-Remedy, flea repellent, Upublished report, University of Miami, Florida.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 International Journal of Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.