Controlled swelling and in vitro release of insulin from konkoli grafted polymethylacrylaminde hydrogel

Ibrahim Iliya Nkafamiya, Ayodele Akinterinwa


The extended study of konkoli grafted polymethylacrylaminde (KG-g-poly (MAAm) hydrogel synthesized in our earlier work from methacrylamide (MAAm) grafted and N,N-methylenebisacrylamide (N,N-MBAAm) crosslinked Konkoli (Maesopsis eminni) galactomannan (KG), is necessary to establish its potential application as an oral insulin delivery system. In this study, the kg-g-poly (MAAm) Hydrogel swelling in typical pH media show an initial rapid swelling before stabilizing. The hydrogel attains its parabolic peak swelling in distill water (pH = 7). Swelling rises from a lower pH medium (pH = 2.2), and in a medium with a slight pH above this (pH = 7.4), swelling starts dropping. Comparing the media for the insulin release studies, the cumulative release drops to its parabolic trough in the distill water medium (pH = 7). A higher cumulative release was recorded at a lower pH (pH = 2.2), and the highest cumulative release was recorded at a higher pH (pH = 7.4). The kinetics and mechanisms of these processes were presented while using the descriptive statistic of regression to fit the results from the processes to a power law. The release of insulin from kg-g-poly (MAAm) Hydrogel was also shown to increase with increase in glucose concentration in the media with an initial rapid release in all solutions, while in a typical intestinal pH media range, higher release at all concentrations was recorded at pH = 6.8.


Hydrogels, swelling, insulin, kinetics and mechanisms

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