International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research https://ssjournals.com.md-in-1.webhostbox.net/index.php/ijasr <p align="justify"><strong>International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research (IJASR)</strong> is monthly online peer-reviewed open access multidisciplinary journal dedicated to publishes articles from the broad field of basic science and scientific research.<br> <strong>ISSN:</strong> 2395-3616 (Online)</p> Scholar Science Journals en-US International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research 2395-3616 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ul> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ul> Madukaku as the basis of being human in (IGBO) African worldview: A critical reflection https://ssjournals.com.md-in-1.webhostbox.net/index.php/ijasr/article/view/5065 <p>Critical understanding of Western idea of human personality reveals a lot of weaknesses. It reveals individualistic and anthropocentric tendency which is the reason for unpleasant relationship between man and fellow man and man and the environment. This kind of thinking has led Western environmental ethicist to now propound theories towards communitarian stand, for instance; deep ecology, land ethic, eco-feminism to mention a few. Enyimba, Maduka holds a radical point of view from many African communal philosophers. Maduka holds that a person is human because he/she is worth more in quality and essence than other beings and things. Such thinking has been the underlying rationale behind man overexploitation of nature. The thrust of the essay is to look at the basic tenets of Madukakism as the philosophy of being human in Africa. This paper agrees with the idea of Madukaku that humanity is at the centre of the universe, but differs from its individualist assumptions. In African ontology, the hierarchy of beings, God, lesser deities and ancestors are above human, If this is the case then man is not supreme and cannot be ˜the measure of all things ™. Hence this paper rejects Maduka postulation of human being as supreme, because even within African environment there are some trees, rivers, mountains etc that are considered sacred and its therefore considered a taboo to toy with them. To this, no matter how highly placed man is, he is not allowed to touch nor exploit them, without dare consequence, which clearly shows that man is not the measure of all things but is in a complimentary state with other beings in African belief system.</p> Samuel Akpan Bassey Okpe Timothy Adie ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-01-31 2019-01-31 5 1 e5065 e5065