Genetic diversity of Prolactin gene in Japanese quail (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica)
This study was carried out to investigate the genetic diversity of prolactin gene (PRL gene) in Japanese quails using Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) marker. One hundred and thirty nine quails were sampled for PRL loci analysis. DNA was extracted from the samples. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and electrophoresis was used to characterize a 24 base pair (bp) insertion/deletion in a 358 bp PCR product. Test for Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium were carried out. From the results, two alleles A (0.63) and B (0.37) and three genotypes AA, AB and BB were observed from this locus. Results of the study showed that genetic variability exists in the study population of Japanese quails in Nigeria and its segregation could be assessed for reproductive capacity
. Kulibaba RA, Podstreshnyi AP. Prolactin and growth hormone gene polymorphisms in chicken lines of Ukrainian selection. Cytology and Genetics 2012; 46: 390-395.
. Bole-Feysot C, Goffin V, Edery M, Binart N, Kelly PA. Prolactin (PRL) and its receptor: actions signal transduction pathways and phenotypes observed in PRL receptor knockout mice. Endocr. Rev. 1998; 19 (3): 225–68.
. Kayang BB, Inoue-Murayama M, Hoshi T, Matsuo K, Takahashi H, Minezawa M, Mizutani M, Ito S. Microsatellite sites in Japanese quail and cross-species amplification in chicken and guinea fowl. Genet. Sel. Evol. 2002; 34: 233-253.
. Hayes B.J, Bowman PJ, Chamberlain AJ, Goddard ME. Genomic selection in dairy cattle: Progress and challenges. J Dairy Sci. 2009; 92: 433–443.
. Kansaku N, Hiyama G, Sasanami T, Zadworny D. Prolactin and growth hormone in birds: Protein structure, gene structure and genetic variation. Poultry Science, 2008; 45: 1-6.
. Hoehn K, Marieb EN. Human Anatomy and Physiology. San Francisco: Pearson Benjamin Cummings. 2007; p. 605.
. Li HF, Zhu WQ, Chen KW, Zhang TJ & Song WT. Association of polymorphisms in the intron 1 of duck prolactin with egg performance. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 2009; 33: 193-197.
. Cui JX, Du HL, Liang Y, Deng XM, Li N, Zhang XQ: Association of polymorphisms in the promoter region of chicken prolactin with egg production, Poult. Sci. 2006; 85: 26-31.
. Davila SG, Gil MG, Resino-Talavan, Campo JL. Evaluation of diversity between different Spanish Chicken breeds, a tester line and a white leghorn population based on microsatellite markers. Poult. Sci. 2009; 88: 2518-2525.
. Yu-Shi G, Hui-Fang L, Guo-Hong C, Yun-Jie T, Ke-Hua W, Kuan-Wei C. Construction of microsatellite DNA fingerprinting and analysis of genetic diversity of native chicken breeds. J. Yunnan Agric. Univ. 200; 20: 313-318.
. Rashidi H, Rahimi-Mianji G, Farhadiand A, Gholizadeh M (). Association of prolactin and prolactin receptor gene polymorphisms with economic traits in breeder hens of indigenous chickens of Mazandaran province. Iranian J. Bio. Thech. 2012; 10: 129-135.
. Yousefi S, Raoufi Z, Rasouli Z, Zerehdaran S. Investigation of prolactin gene polymorphism in Japanese quail. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol. 2012; 45: 289-292.
. Xu H, Zeng H, Luo C, Zhang D, Wang Q, Sun L, Yang L, Zhou M, Nie Q, Zhang X. Genetic effects of polymorphisms in candidate genes and the QTL region on chicken age at first egg, BMC Genetics, 2011; 12: 33.
. Kaya M, Yildiz MA. Genetic diversity among Turkish native chickens, denizli and gerze, estimated by microsatellite markers. Biochem. Genet. 2008; 46: 480-491.
. Gregg C, Shikar V, Larsen P, Mak G, Chojnacki A, Yong VW, Weiss S. "White matter plasticity and enhanced remyelination in the maternal CNS". J. Neurosci. 2007; 27(8): 1812–23.
. Alipanah M, Shojaian K, Khani-Bandani H. The polymorphism of prolactin gene in native chicken Zabol region. J. Anim.Veter. Sci. 2011; 10: 619-621.
. Rousset F. GENEPOP’007: a complete re-implementation of the GENEPOP software for Windows and Linux. Molecular Ecology Resources 2008; 8: 103–6.
. Amirinia CH, Emrani MAR, Arbabe RV, Torshizi AN, Javaremi. Evaluation of eight microsatellite loci polymorphism in four Japanese quail (Coturnix Japonica) strain in Iran. Pakistan J. Biol. Sci. 2007; 8: 1195-1199.
. Ya-Bo YW, Jin-Yu DM, Mekki T, Qing-Ping, Hui-Fang L. Evaluation of genetic diversity and genetic distance between twelve Chinese indigenous chicken breeds based on microsatellite markers. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 2006; 5: 550-556.
. Yeh FC, Yang RC, Timothy BJ, Ye Z, Judy M. Popgene, the user-friendly shareware for Population genetic analysis. Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Center. Univ. Alberta 1997.
. Kayang BB, Inoue-Murayama M, Hoshi T, Matsuo K, Takahashi H, Minezawa M, Mizutani M, Ito S. Microsatellite sites in Japanese quail and cross-species amplification in chicken and guinea fowl. Genet. Sel. Evol. 2002; 34:233-253.
. Bao W, Chen G, Li B, Wu X, Shu J, Wu S, Xu Q, Weigend S. Analysis of genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships among red jungle fowls and Chinese domestic fowls. Sci China C Life Sci. 2008; 51(6): 560-8.
. Cui JX, Du HL, Zhang XQ. Polymorphisms and bioinformatics analysis of chicken prolactin gene. Hereditas (Beijing), 2005; 27: 208-214.
. Lotfi E, Zerehdaran S, AhaniAzari M, Dehnavi E. Genetic Polymorphism In Prolactin Gene and its association with reproductive traits in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Poultry Science Journal. 2013; 1 (2): 79-85.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeThe Effect of Open Access).
- Author must Submit Copyright form After accepetance of Article.