Correlation of Maternal Anthropometry with Intrauterine Growth Restricted Neonates Birth Weight

  • Mithun Chandra Konar Burdwan Medical College
  • Nabanita Kora Burdwan Medical College
  • Kamirul Islam Burdwan Medical College
  • Archan Sil Burdwan Medical College
  • Taraknath Ghosh Burdwan Medical College
  • Kaustav Nayek Burdwan Medical College
Keywords: intra-uterine growth restricted babies, weight, height, body mass index

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the correlation between weight, height and body mass index (BMI) of the mothers with their term intra-uterine growth restricted (IUGR) neonates birth weight.

Material and methods: An observational, cross sectional study was conducted involving 322 term IUGR neonates and their mothers, and was compared with 336 term appropriate for gestational age (AGA) neonates matched for that gestational age, and their mothers over a period of one year. The anthropometric measurement was done on birth weight, length, head circumference, ponderal index of neonates, and height and BMI of mothers. The maternal weight was obtained from antenatal cards.

Results: Majority (72.04%) of the mothers having IUGR neonates were primi-gravida, 63.04% were of poor economic status. Mean age, weight, height and BMI of the mothers of IUGR neonates were 20.20.8 years, 49.12.3 kg, 144.137.2 cm, and 17.62.1 kg/m2, respectively. These parameters for the mothers of AGA neonates were 22.32.5 years, 54.32.7 kg, 155.242.1 cm, and 19.22.3 kg/m2, respectively. Comparison of these maternal parameters between both the groups showed a significantly higher value in the second group (p< 0.01 in all cases). Maternal weight, height and BMI showed a strong negative correlation {Pearsons correlation coefficient of -0.53, -0.76, and -0.42 respectively; adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) of 0.72 (0.54-0.91), 0.40 (0.28-0.52) and 0.76 (0.54-0.96), respectively with the neonates birth weight, but maternal age did not {Pearsons correlation coefficient of -0.32, adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) of 0.89 (0.10-1.55)}.

Conclusion: There are lesser chances of development of IUGR neonates with increase in maternal weight, height and BMI.

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Author Biographies

Mithun Chandra Konar, Burdwan Medical College

DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRICS

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR

Nabanita Kora, Burdwan Medical College

Department of Pediatrics

Senior Resident

Kamirul Islam, Burdwan Medical College

Department of Pediatrics

1st year Post Graduate Trainee in M.D. (Pediatrics)

Archan Sil, Burdwan Medical College

Department of Pediatrics

Residential Medical Officer-Cum-Clinical Tutor

Taraknath Ghosh, Burdwan Medical College

Department of Pediatrics

Associate Professor

Kaustav Nayek, Burdwan Medical College

Department of Pediatrics

Professor

Published
2017-07-28
Section
Original Research Articles